If you’ve ever used an app to order a late-night food delivery or to book a plumber then you’ve most likely tapped into the platform economy. It’s one of the most important new trasformations in the world of work. And right now the big debate in Europe is over working conditions
How is the work on the Platform economy?
Work on platfrom economy, also known as the “gig economy” has increased fivefold in the last decade. It is when people provide specific services organized through a digital platform that connects them with customers. This can be a geolocation-based app, which assigns jobs such as food delivery, taxi-type transportation services, or plumbing services, or web platforms that subcontract work such as translation or graphic design.
The bad working conditions
The platform economy are creating new job opportunities, but with working conditions that are not always acceptable and algorithms that do not guarantee fair treatment. European Union has launched a public consultation on the rights of platform workers, inviting trade unions and business organizations to find an agreement. If they fail, the Commission will legislate on the issue by the end of the year.
Spain and the rights for the platform economy
Spain is the first country in the European Union to have approved a law that recognizes riders as employees, with all the social protections. with all related rights, such as holidays, sick leave or unemployment benefits. A young sudamerican workers said : “What the government is proposing to these companies is that they guarantee us a minimum wage, pension, insurance, and a vehicle to be able to work properly. Because we work up to 12 hours a day to sometimes receive less than the minimum wage“.
A sustainable model
How to ensure compliance with labor law and the quality of the jobs generated? The European Commission has launched a consultation to improve the protection of digital platform workers. From Brussels, the Director General for Employment, Joost Korte, explains: “It is a very promising sector, with many positive dimensions, such as a better balance between private life and work, greater flexibility, the possibility for people who find themselves in difficult to access the labor market, but it must be based on a sustainable model, otherwise we will arrive at different solutions in the different member states, and this will be negative in the context of the single market “.